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Smith, Pamela A. (2010). »The Lexical Organization and Processing of Text Messages. Evidence from Priming«. In:  Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, Nr. 37(9). S. 27-39.

ISSN: 1092-517

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Abstract: Purpose: Using a priming/lexical decision paradigm
and reaction time data, this study sought to determine
how individuals store and organize text messages in the
lexicon. Specifically, research questions included whether
individuals store different types of text messages (numerals
and letters) differently, and whether they store them as
sums of their components or as individual semantic units.
Method: Fifty-nine undergraduates completed a lexical decision
task that featured the use of text messages as primes.
These primes and lexical decision stimuli were systematically
varied to compare hypothesized associations between
them. Reaction times in the lexical decision task were analyzed
to determine the closest associations between primes
and variables in the lexical decision stimuli.
Results: Reaction times were fastest overall for complex
text messages that contained numerals as opposed to those
that contained letters only. For singleton text messages,
there were no significant differences between reaction times
between numerals and letters. Reaction times were also fastest
for letter combination text messages paired with lexical
decision items that were the component of the text message
(e.g., LOL – LAUGH). For text messages that were composed
of numerals and letters, the reactions times across all associated
items were similar.
Conclusions: Results suggest that individuals store and access
multiunit text messages composed of numerals and
letters differently than they do text messages composed only
of letters—a difference that was not seen in singleton text
messages. The results further suggest a cognitive component
of storage and access of text messages

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